Academic appointment in the History Department, Saint Mary's University since 1968. In 2005 I retired from full time teaching; however, I still offer the courses online on a part-time basis.
|1966-68 || Univ. of California, Los Angeles
|| Ph.D. || 1975 |
| 1962-66 || Queens University,
| M. A. |
B. A. (Honours)
| 1959-62 || Ont. School for the Deaf
|Teacher of the Deaf Certificate |
Ont. Elementary Teachers Certificate
| 1962 |
| 1958-59 || London Teachers College,
The Taylor Revival of 1866 and the Roots of African Nationalism in the Cape Colony, Journal of Religion in Africa, VIII, 2(1977), 105-122. 56K
The Fork in the Road: Religious Separatism versus African Nationalism in the Cape Colony, 1890-1910, Journal of Religion in Africa, IX, 1(1978), 51-61. 156K
Rejoinder, Journal of Religion in Africa, IX, 3(1979), 189-192.
The Roots of African Nationalism in the Cape Colony: Temperance 1866-1898, International Journal of African Historical Studies, XIII, 2(1980), 197-213. 168K
Cape Smoke: alcohol issues in the Cape Colony in the nineteenth century, Contempory Drug Problems, XII, 2(1985), 221-247.
Missionaries, Xhosa Clergy and the suppression of traditional customs. in Henry Bredekamp and Robert Ross, eds., Missions and Christianity in South African History, (Univ. of Witwatersrand Press, 1995), pp. 153-171. 68K
Victorian Imperialism as religion, civil or otherwise, in Roger D. Long, ed., The Man on the Spot. Essays in British Empire History, (Greenwood Press, 1995), pp. 21-43.
War of the Ax, British Kaffraria, Fiftieth Ordinance, Gun War of 1880-81, Hintsa, Kaffirs, Xhosa Wars, Xhosa, and Xhosa cattle-killing, in James S. Olson, ed., Historical Dictionary of the British Empire, 2 vols. (Greenwood Press, 1996).
Millennial Christians, British Imperialism, and African Nationalism, in Richard Elphick, ed., Christianity in South African History, (Berkley: Univ. of California Press; Oxford: James Currey, 1997), pp.337-346. 68K